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FILE - In this Aug. 4, 2014 file photo, a South Korean quarantine officer, right, checks the body temperature of a passenger against the possible infection of Ebola virus at Incheon International Airport in Incheon, South Korea. South Korea has been stepping up monitoring of its citizens returning from trips to West Africa and other areas affected by the deadly Ebola virus.

Airlines yet to make changes after Ebola outbreak

NEW YORK – As the Ebola outbreak in West Africa grows, airlines around the globe are closely monitoring the situation but have yet to make any drastic changes.

Below are some key questions about the disease, what airlines are doing and how safe it is to fly.

Q: Why are airlines concerned?

A: Airlines quickly take passengers from one part of the globe to another. With some germs, one sick passenger on a plane could theoretically infect hundreds of people who are connecting to flights to dozens of other countries.

Health and airline officials note, however, that Ebola spreads only through direct contact. Outbreaks of diseases that can spread through the air, such as the flu and severe acute respiratory syndrome, or SARS, are more problematic for airlines.

Q: Should people travel to West Africa?

A: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on Thursday is­sued a warning for Americans to avoid nonessential travel to the West African nations of Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone.

Q: Is Ebola deadly?

A: Very much so. If contracted, there is no vaccine and no specific treatment. The World Health Organ­ization estimated Monday that there have been 887 deaths from the current Ebola outbreak. That translates to a fatality rate of about 60 percent.

Q: How is Ebola transmitted?

A: The virus spreads only through direct contact with the blood or fluids of an infected person, according to the CDC. It can also be spread through objects, such as needles, that have been contaminated with infected fluids. No airborne transmission has been documented.

Q: Do U.S. airlines fly to West Africa?

A: Delta Air Lines flies to Dakar, Senegal; Accra, Ghana; and Lagos, Nigeria. The airline also flies to Monrovia, Liberia, but for unrelated business reasons previously announced, it will cancel that service at the end of September.

Delta is letting passengers with flights to the region in the next two weeks push back travel until the end of the month. United Airlines also flies to Lagos but has not issued any travel waiver. American Airlines does not fly to Africa.

Q: What are U.S. airlines saying about it?

A: There have been no flight cancellations. All three airlines said they are in regular communication with government agencies and health officials and will follow their recommendations.

Q: What about airlines from other countries?

A: European carriers Air France-KLM, British Airways and Lufthansa all fly to Western Africa from their hubs in Paris, Amsterdam, London and Frankfurt, Germany.

British Airways announced Tues­day that it is suspending flights to and from Liberia and Sierra Leone until Aug. 31 “due to the deteriorating public health situation in both countries.”

Passengers with tickets can request a full refund or a flight at a later date.

Lufthansa notes that “there is no risk of getting infected by the Ebola virus via air circulation during flight.”

Crews on Brussels Airlines flights have access to special thermoscans to check passengers' temperature, if they feel it's necessary. The only other airline, so far, to cancel any flights is the Middle East airline Emirates.

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