BAGHDAD – Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki has called upon his country’s armed forces to help the Kurdish military battle a Sunni militant offensive in northern Iraq that has caused tens of thousands of people from the minority Yazidi community to flee their homes.
It was the first sign of cooperation between Baghdad and Irbil, the capital of the semi-autonomous Kurdish region, since Iraq’s second-largest city, Mosul, was taken over by the Islamic State group in June, signaling a degree of rapprochement in the face of the country’s deteriorating security crisis.
Iraq’s military spokesman Lt. Gen. Qassim al-Moussawi said Monday that al-Maliki has commanded the air force to provide aerial support to the Kurds in the first sign of cooperation between the two militaries since Iraq’s second largest city, Mosul, was captured by the militants June 10.
The Islamic State group has captured large swaths of land straddling the Syria-Iraq border with the goal of establishing a self-styled caliphate. When it overran the cities of Mosul and Tikrit in June, Iraqi security forces virtually collapsed, with police and soldiers abandoning arsenals of heavy weapons.
The Islamic State captured the northern towns of Sinjar and Zumar on Saturday, prompting an estimated 40,000 from the minority Yazidi sect to flee, said Jawhar Ali Begg, a spokesman for the community. The Sunni militants have targeted minority communities in areas they have conquered.
Their towns are now controlled by (Islamic State), and their shrine has been blown up, Begg told The Associated Press. The militant group gave the Yazidis, who follow an ancient religion with links to Zoroastrianism, an ultimatum to convert to Islam, pay a tax or face death, Begg added.
At least 25 Kurdish fighters were killed in clashes with the militants Sunday, and another 120 were wounded, according to Muhssin Mohamed, a doctor in Dahuk.
The United Nations said last month that more than 500,000 people have been displaced by the violence since June, bringing the total this year to 1.4 million, including more than 230,000 Syrian refugees.
The group drove ethnic and religious minorities out of Mosul and attacked mosques and shrines, claiming they contradicted strict Islamic teachings.