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Nunn-Lugar program aids dismantling
Former U.S. Sen. Richard Lugar of Indiana had a role in the elimination of Syria’s chemical weapons.
The Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction Program provided funds used to equip and operate the Cape Ray, a U.S. container ship that will neutralize the last of the toxic chemicals in the Mediterranean in coming months.
According to the U.S. Defense Department, it will be the first time the U.S. has destroyed chemical materials at sea.
Lugar, a Republican, and former Sen. Sam Nunn, a Democrat from Georgia, wrote legislation in 1991 that has since dismantled thousands of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons in the former Soviet Union and elsewhere.
Lugar and Nunn said Monday in a joint statement that the completion of the destruction of Syria’s chemical weapons “is a significant accomplishment and an example of the kind of international partnerships needed to reduce the threats from weapons of mass destruction around the globe.”
They also called for continued cooperation with Russia on securing nuclear materials despite U.S.-Russian tensions over Ukraine and for further federal commitments to Cooperative Threat Reduction funding “at a level that allows for rapid and flexible responses to unfolding crises.”
Associated Press
Danish soldiers keep watch as a Norwegian cargo ship in the background transports containers of chemical weapons out of Syria in May.

Syria gives up last of known toxic arms

International weapons inspectors announced Monday that Syria has handed over the last of its declared chemical weapons stockpile for removal and destruction, even as U.S. officials voiced concern about the Damascus government’s use of other toxic substances.

The Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, which was charged last year with overseeing the destruction of Syria’s chemical weapons under an agreement between the United States and Russia, took control of the “last consignment” of the deadly chemicals, said Ahmet Uzumcu, the agency’s director general.

“A major landmark in this mission has been reached today,” Uzumcu said Monday. “The last of the remaining chemicals identified for removal from Syria were loaded this afternoon aboard the Danish ship Ark Futura” at the Syrian port of Latakia.

He said the next step involves delivering the chemicals “for destruction at the assigned facility on board the U.S. vessel Cape Ray and at commercial facilities” in the United States, Britain, Finland and Germany.

Secretary of State John Kerry hailed the announcement, but he also pointed to what he called alarming evidence that the Syrian government has begun using chlorine gas in rudimentary bombs dropped from aircraft on opposition residential areas.

“It’s very important, however, even as we mark this moment of removing 100 percent of the declared weapons, that we understand that our work is not finished,” Kerry said during a diplomatic visit to Iraq.

“There are still some serious issues that remain to be addressed, and we are not going to stop until those have been addressed,” Kerry said.

The Syrian government has delayed and obstructed the OPCW in its work, and there are still questions about whether Syria’s initial declaration of its stockpiles was complete, he said.

In a news conference in The Hague, Netherlands, Uzumcu said the last shipment amounted to 8 percent of Syria’s 1,300-ton stockpile.

The Syrian government agreed to surrender its chemical arsenal last fall when President Barack Obama threatened to launch missile strikes in retaliation for deadly chemical attacks on rebel-held suburbs of the Syrian capital, Damascus.

U.S. officials said the attacks in August killed more than 1,400 civilians, including at least 426 children.

A U.S. assessment concluded that the attacks were the work of the Syrian government of President Bashar Assad.

Uzumcu described the chemical disarmament program that resulted from the U.S.-Russian agreement as unprecedented.

“Never before has an entire arsenal of a category of weapons of mass destruction been removed from a country experiencing a state of internal armed conflict,” he said. “And this has been accomplished within very demanding and tight time frames.”

He added that OPCW’s work in Syria will continue. “We hope to conclude soon the clarification of certain aspects of the Syrian declaration and commence the destruction of certain structures that were used as chemical weapons production facilities,” he said.

The disarmament program ground to a halt in April because Syria insisted on holding on to 27 tons of sarin precursor chemicals as leverage in a dispute with the international community over the future of facilities used to store the deadly agents, U.S. officials said.

The Assad government had missed an April 27 deadline to turn over the rest of its chemical arsenal, the officials said.

– Brian Francisco, The Journal Gazette

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