Israel broke off peace talks with the Palestinians on Thursday, saying a planned reconciliation between the moderate faction participating in the talks and the militant Islamist group Hamas made negotiation impossible.
The rupture appeared to be the final blow to an ambitious U.S.-sponsored effort to frame a peace treaty this year.
Israeli-Palestinian talks that began last summer under heavy American pressure were already sputtering and were due to expire next week.
The negotiations, always a long shot, marked the first deep involvement by the Obama administration to address the intractable conflict. The direct Israeli-Palestinian talks, often with a U.S. mediator present, had been the most sustained and substantive such discussions in more than five years.
Palestinian leaders said the proposed unified government should not be a bar to further talks with Israel, and Washington insisted Thursday that the troubled peace effort is not dead. But Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu appeared to rule out all discussion with a Palestinian government that includes Hamas in any capacity.
I think the pact with Hamas kills peace, Netanyahu said in an interview with NBC. If it moves forward, it means peace moves backward.
The Iranian-backed Hamas does not recognize Israel as a legitimate country, and Israel accuses the group of harboring extremists who carry out attacks on Israel from inside the Gaza Strip, a territory that Hamas rules.
Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas’ Fatah party had announced Wednesday that it will reunite with Hamas, ending a seven-year split. An agreement signed in Gaza gives Abbas five weeks to form a unified government.
It was not clear how Hamas would be integrated into the Fatah leadership, or whether the deal will hold.
We will never give up our hope or our commitment for the possibilities for peace, Secretary of State John Kerry said in brief remarks at the State Department. We believe it is the only way to go. But right now, obviously, it’s at a very difficult point and the leaders themselves have to make decisions. It’s up to them.
Kerry has long said that the talks may represent the last real chance to create an independent Palestine alongside Israel. Israeli settlement-building on land that the Palestinians claim for a state is one major obstacle. The hardened anger and grievance of both sides is another. The longer the conflict runs, the larger and more immutable those obstacles become.
The United Nations’ envoy for the Middle East peace process, Robert Serry, met with Abbas on Thursday and issued a statement afterward saying that the Palestinian leader had assured him that the new, unified government will meet the U.S. requirements for any future negotiations between the two sides, including recognition of Israel, nonviolence and adherence to previous agreements.
The United Nations supports a unified Palestinian government, Serry said, as the only way to reunite the West Bank and Gaza under one legitimate Palestinian Authority.
But if Abbas had hoped that reconciliation with Hamas would move the talks forward, or give him leverage to demand greater concessions from Israel, he apparently miscalculated.
In addition to halting the talks indefinitely, the Israeli government said it is considering imposing economic sanctions against the Palestinian Authority as a way to punish Abbas.
Israel took similar steps last month after the Palestinians approached 15 international organizations to gain formal recognition as a state. Israel was angered by that move but did not cancel talks. The Hamas deal, however, made it impossible to continue, Israeli officials said.
Abbas has formed an alliance with a murderous terrorist organization that calls consistently for Israel’s destruction, Netanyahu said in a statement issued shortly after the vote. Instead of choosing peace, he has formed an alliance with an organization whose charter calls on Muslims to fight and kill Jews.