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General Motors CEO Mary Barra, before a Senate subcommittee Wednesday, has stayed calm under congressional grilling.

GM’s Barra cool under fire

Corporate damage control experts give new CEO high marks for poise

Barra, shown with her legal team Wednesday, has apologized for GM’s actions concerning a faulty part and has deflected some questions. Observers say it’s all she can do.

– General Motors CEO Mary Barra didn’t squirm on the hot seat. On the job less than three months, she calmly answered or deflected tough questions from a House committee Tuesday about faulty parts responsible for at least 13 deaths and the recall of 2.6 million cars.

Barra frustrated lawmakers by fending off questions, saying she was awaiting the results of an internal GM investigation. She didn’t know why GM waited more than a decade to recall cars it knew had defective ignition switches. She didn’t know who was responsible for the decisions that delayed the recall.

But experts on corporate damage control said she didn’t have much choice and gave her high marks for her performance on the hot seat.

“Barra’s rope-a-dope is the best of GM’s bad options today,” Washington crisis management consultant Eric Dezenhall said. “There isn’t a corporate lawyer in the country that’s going to allow her to engage in freelance speculation about things she doesn’t know yet. No, that’s not satisfying to the public and media, but the alternative is much worse.”

Investors shrugged. General Motors Co. stock, down more than 7 percent since March 11, barely budged Tuesday, slipping 8 cents to $34.34.

Barra apologized for GM’s slowness in warning customers about the problems and promised to change the automaker’s culture to put a new emphasis on safety.

“Barra held her ground, claiming that today’s General Motors is a different company from the one whose corporate culture allowed this issue to fester for a decade,” said Jack Nerad, executive editorial director for Kelley Blue Book.

Ken and Jayne Rimer, whose daughter died in a 2006 accident after a faulty switch prevented airbags from deploying, found Barra’s testimony incomplete. For Barra “not to have any answers” after about three months as CEO was unsatisfactory, Ken Rimer said in the hallway outside the hearing room. “It surprised me how unprofessional that was,” he said.

Congressional appearances can be a minefield for CEOs. In 2008, automaker CEOS drew public scorn for flying corporate jets to Washington to ask for a government bailout. And Wall Street CEOs were battered in hearings after the financial crisis.

But some lawmakers appeared somewhat more sympathetic to Barra, who was thrust into a crisis after becoming the first woman CEO of a major automaker in January. In 33 years at GM, Barra worked in engineering, communications and human resources. She’s a second-generation GM employee: Her father was a GM die maker for four decades.

Not everything went smoothly Tuesday for the new CEO, who flew to the hearing aboard a commercial flight. Barra struggled to explain how GM could continue to use parts that didn’t meet its own specifications.

When she tried to draw a distinction between parts that didn’t meet specs and those that were defective and dangerous, Rep. Joe Barton, R-Texas, said: “What you just answered is gobbledygook.”

But some corporate-image experts praised Barra for seizing the initiative by announcing that GM has hired Kenneth Feinberg – who handled the fund for the victims of 9/11, the Boston Marathon bombing and the BP oil spill – to explore ways to compensate victims of accidents in the GM cars. Barra did not commit GM to setting up such a fund.

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