Ninety percent of female military spouses in a recent online survey described themselves as underemployed, indicating they have more education or experience than needed for their current jobs, according to a new study released this week.
The analysis, from Syracuse University’s Institute for Veterans and Military Families and the Military Officers Association of America, included more than 2,000 female respondents with active-duty spouses.
Data from the Census Bureau’s American Community Survey also show that military spouses earn an average of 38 percent less personal income and are 30 percent more likely to be unemployed than their civilian counterparts, the study said.
Retired Vice Adm. Norbert Ryan, president of MOAA, said in a statement this week that the study’s results demonstrate a need for concerted efforts to improve the employment issues currently faced by military spouses.
A recent proposal from the Office of Personnel Management would relax the rules for military spouses to obtain career status, allowing them to become permanent federal employees with three years of service in the government instead of three continuous years.
Federal law also requires the Defense Department to give preference to military spouses for civilian jobs. But those individuals fall below disabled veterans, employees in the Equal Employment Opportunity program and workers returning from overseas in the federal hiring hierarchy.