CAIRO – Centuries-old glass and porcelain pieces were smashed to powder, a priceless wooden prayer niche was destroyed and manuscripts were soaked by water spewing from broken pipes when a car bombing wreaked havoc on Cairos renowned Islamic Art Museum.
Experts scrambled to try to save thousands of priceless treasures as ceilings crumbled in the 19th-century building, which had just undergone a multimillion-dollar renovation.
The explosions, which targeted police and the main security headquarters, shook the museum located in the nearby old Cairo district of Bab el-Khalq, propelling steel and ceiling plaster onto its glass cases and wooden artifacts.
I am in shock and speechless. Imagine if an attack struck the Metropolitan, what would happen? This museum is just like the Metropolitan in its significance, former museum official Mohammed el-Kilani said.
Built in 1881, the Cairo Museum of Islamic Art is home to the worlds richest collection of artifacts from all periods of Islamic history.
The museum houses nearly 100,000 pieces representing different Islamic eras, 4,000 of them on display and the rest in storage.
According to its official website, the museum houses works from the seventh-century pre-Islamic era to the end of the 19th century, including carpets, coins, ceramics, jewelry, manuscripts, marble carvings and wood work. A water fountain made of colored mosaic is among the most impressive pieces on display and dates back to the 13th- to 16th-century Mamluk era.
A recently completed $14.4 million renovation included 25 exhibition halls, as well as state-of-the-art security and lighting systems, a fully-equipped restoration laboratory, a childrens museum and a library, much of which was gutted by the blast.
Ceramic and gypsum pieces dating to the Fatimid and Mamluk periods suffered the most damage, along with ancient lanterns once used in mosques during the holy month of Ramadan. Of the worlds 300 rare lanterns, the museum houses 60, and five of those were ruined, said Rafaat el-Nabarawy, an Islamic antiquities professor.
This is a very sad day for antiquities, el-Nabrawy said. These are rare and irreplaceable.
Estimates of the damage varied, with former museum official el-Kilani and other archaeologists saying nearly all of the collection was lost, while other experts said 5 percent to 20 percent of the museums pieces were destroyed.
El-Nabrawy estimated that about 5 percent of the museums artifacts were lost because many of the textiles, coins and metal artifacts could be salvaged.
Even if it is only one piece, this is history and heritage that is priceless, he said.