MALAKAL, South Sudan – The eyes of the American parents living at a United Nations camp alongside thousands of South Sudanese refugees fill with tears as they describe their options: Remain, and risk another rebel assault, or fly to safety, leaving behind the 10 orphans who call the couple mom and dad.
For nearly two years, Brad and Kim Campbell have been feeding, clothing, educating and parenting 10 South Sudanese children whose parents were killed by conflict or sickness. Their missionary lifestyle was upended after violence broke out in South Sudans capital, Juba, Dec. 15. Now the Campbells, their two American daughters and the 10 orphaned children live in an ad hoc U.N. refugee camp that is low on food, water and sanitation.
The former Omaha, Neb., residents are grappling with ensuring that daughters Katie and Kassidy Talbott are safe, and also with protecting their South Sudanese children, who range in age from 5 to 16. Mother Kim Campbell, 54, said it is a tough balance to strike.
I have two of my own children here, she said in an interview at the refugee camp Monday. We know the situation is bad. There is no food or water in Malakal.
The American daughters are adamant that they wont leave unless everyone can. Father Brad Campbell said the family is working with the U.N. and the U.S. Embassy to try to get everyone to safety.
Weve got these amazing kids we want to take care of, and were trying to do that the best we can, said Brad Campbell, who works with the group Keeping Hope Alive. This isnt the time for us to check out and leave them.
When violence broke out in Juba, the capital, on Dec. 15, life remained calm but tense in Malakal – the capital of Upper Nile, one of South Sudans two main oil-producing states.
But then fighting radiated outward from Juba, as army commanders defected and pledged allegiance to the countrys ousted vice president. In most cases, the violence has pitted the ethnic group of President Salva Kiir – a Dinka – against ethnic Nuers.
Tension began building in Malakal three or four days before Christmas, said Robbie Keel, a 53-year-old electrician and chaplain from Charlotte, N.C., who arrived in Malakal a month ago to volunteer at the orphanage.
The sounds of approaching war crescendoed on Christmas Eve, when everyone in the orphanage took cover. Christmas Day, as orphanage volunteer Brent Trusdle put it, sounded more like the Fourth of July.
On Christmas morning, it sounded like the whole world exploded, said Keel, who called the roar of battle traumatizing.
The orphanage is only a half mile from the airport, a key infrastructure the two sides were fighting for.
The group – 10 orphans, seven Americans and two South Sudanese employees – took off for the U.N. camp some two miles away. Most of the thousands of residents who streamed to the U.N. were not immediately allowed inside. The Campbell clan was.
Rather than put us in the field where the bullets were flying, they put us in a safe place, Kim Campbell said of the U.N. And they specified it was not because were Americans but because we had the kids.
Though Kim Campbell appears to be conflicted about whether the family should leave – and possibly do more to secure the childrens future from afar – Brad Campbell and his two daughters appear committed to staying, no matter what may come.
One of the things weve tried to do is commit to these kids: We wont leave them, Brad Campbell said.