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Associated Press
A Wall Street trader rang in 2013 festively last New Year’s Eve – and the year ended up being worth celebrating.

Take stock of 2014 resolutions

– 2013 was a great year for the average investor, but few market strategists believe that 2014 will be anywhere near as good. The simple strategy of buying U.S. stocks, selling bonds and staying out of international markets isn’t going to work as well as it has, they say.

Some of Wall Street’s biggest money managers have come up with a few resolutions to help your retirement portfolio have a good year:

Curb expectations

Few investors expected 2013 to be as big as it was. The S&P 500 index early last week was up 28 percent for the year, its best year since 1997. Including dividends, it’s up 30 percent.

On average, market strategists expect 2014 to be somewhat tame. Most are looking for the S&P 500 to rise to 1,850 to 1,900 points, a gain of just 2 percent to 4 percent.

Keep eye on valuation

Investors bid up stock prices to all-time highs this year, despite a mediocre economy and corporate profits that were less than spectacular.

At the beginning of the year, the price-to-earnings ratio on the S&P 500 was 13.5, meaning investors were paying roughly $13.50 for every $1 of earnings in the S&P 500. Now the S&P 500’s P-E ratio is around 16.7.

While a P/E ratio of 16.7 won’t set off any alarm bells – the historical average is 14.5 – it is noticeably higher than it was a year ago.

Investors have high expectations for corporate profits next year, based on the prices they are paying.

“It’s hard to believe that this market can go much higher from here without some corporate earnings growth,” said Bob Doll, chief equity strategist at Nuveen Asset Management.

Earnings at companies in the S&P 500 grew at an 11 percent rate in 2013. The consensus among market strategists is that profit growth will slow to around 8 percent in 2014.

However, if the U.S. economy continues to improve, and corporate profit margins expand, it could justify the prices that investors have been paying for stocks.

Donít fall for hype

Be wary if your neighbor decides to jump head-first into the market next year.

A large number of investors have remained on the sidelines for this five-year bull market.

Since the market bottomed in March 2009, investors pulled $430 billion out of stock funds, according to data from Lipper, while putting nearly $1 trillion into bond funds.

Professional market watchers are concerned that many individual investors, trying to play a game of catch-up, might rush into the market with a vengeance next year.

The surge of money could cause stocks to jump if investors ignore warnings that the market is getting overvalued.

Wall Street calls this phenomenon a “melt-up.” As you can guess, a “melt-up” could lead to a “melt-down,” as happened in the late 1990s with the dot-com bubble.

“I fear people, who sat out 2013, will jump in too fast next year and get burned,” said Richard Madigan, chief investment officer for JPMorgan Private Bank.

Which leads us to:

But donít panic, either

Stocks cannot go higher all the time. Bearish investors have been saying for months that stocks are due for a pullback in the near future.

The S&P 500 is up 66 percent since the stock market’s last major downturn in October 2011. It has been resilient through several scares this year, including the conflict in Syria, the budget crisis and near-breach of the nation’s borrowing limit in October.

In their 2014 outlook, Goldman Sachs analysts said that while the market has been strong, they see a 67 percent chance that stocks will decline 10 percent or more in 2014, which is known as a stock market “correction.”

Goldman analysts still expect stocks to end the year modestly higher.

Pull back on bonds

Fixed-income investors had a tough year in 2013. The Barclays Aggregate bond index, a broad composite of thousands of bonds, fell 2 percent.

Investors in long-term bonds were hit even harder, losing 15 percent of their money since the beginning of the year, according to comparable bond indexes.

2014 is not looking good for bond investors, either.

The Federal Reserve has started to pull back on its bond-buying economic stimulus program. That means one of the biggest buyers of bonds for the last year will slowly exit the market in 2014. The Fed’s exit could send bond prices falling.

“Bonds are hardly a place to be in 2014,” Nuveen’s Doll said.

That doesn’t mean investors should avoid bonds altogether, strategists say.

Instead, investors should reorganize their portfolio to focus more on bonds that mature in relatively short periods of time.

Invest in stocks

Other than stocks, the average investor typically has access to three types of investments: cash, bonds and commodities such as gold. None are expected to perform better than the stock market next year.

If bonds had a tough 2013, gold investors got punched in the stomach. Gold is down 28 percent this year and is on its way to its first annual loss since 2000.

Gold is expected to have another tough year in 2014.

Cash is expected to provide a near-zero return again next year. Savings and money market-accounts are returning less than 0.1 percent on average.

Study abroad

Several market strategists believe international stocks will be the place to be next year. Asian and European stocks did not perform as well as U.S. stocks in 2013, with the notable exception of Japan, where the Nikkei 225 index soared 53 percent.

Europe is particularly attractive, they say. The European Union came out of a two-year recession in 2013, and the debt crisis that plagued most of the region has abated. Some strategists say that Europe is a couple of years behind the U.S. in its economic recovery, and stocks could be relatively cheap in comparison.

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