WASHINGTON – Under pressure from the wind power industry, the Obama administration said Friday it will allow companies to kill or injure eagles without the fear of prosecution for up to three decades.
The new rule is designed to address environmental consequences that stand in the way of the nations wind energy rush: the dozens of bald and golden eagles being killed each year by the giant, spinning blades of wind turbines.
An investigation by The Associated Press this year documented the illegal killing of eagles around wind farms, the Obama administrations reluctance to prosecute such cases and its willingness to help keep the scope of the eagle deaths secret.
President Barack Obama has championed the pollution-free energy, nearly doubling Americas wind power in his first term.
The new rule will provide legal protection for the lifespan of wind farms and other projects if companies obtain permits and make efforts to avoid killing protected birds.
Companies would have to take additional measures if more eagles were killed or injured than expected, or if new information suggested that eagle populations were being affected. The permits would be reviewed every five years, and companies would have to submit reports of how many eagles were killed.
Now, such reporting is voluntary, and the Interior Department refuses to release the information.
This is not a program to kill eagles, said John Anderson, the director of siting policy at the American Wind Energy Association. This permit program is about conservation.
But conservation groups, which have been aligned with the industry on other issues, said the decision by the Interior Department sanctions the killing of an American icon.
Instead of balancing the need for conservation and renewable energy, Interior wrote the wind industry a blank check, said David Yarnold, president and CEO of the National Audubon Society.
The group said it would challenge the decision.