NEW YORK – When Rick Kimsey decided to start a business, a franchise seemed like the best way to go.
Buying a franchise – in his case, a Doctors Express urgent care facility – meant he didn’t have to start from square one. The business came with a concept and a service to sell. Urgent care centers treat a range of common non-life-threatening medical conditions such as colds, sprains, broken bones, rashes and stomach ailments – usually without an appointment. For many people, the facilities are more appealing and less expensive than a trip to the emergency room. Kimsey just needed to get the franchise up and running, and then operate it. It didn’t even matter that he had no medical training.
But what sounded like a great plan wasn’t so easy. Financing for the business was nearly impossible to get in the aftermath of the 2008 financial crisis and the recession. Kimsey was dealt his first blow when his bank froze his home equity line of credit. Then six banks turned him down for a loan.
The rug was pulled out from under me, Kimsey says. It took more than a year before he was finally able to close the deal.
The tough economy has made the prospect of operating a franchise attractive to the unemployed, to workers who don’t want to wait to get knocked off the corporate ladder and to others looking for a new way to generate income. But first-time franchise buyers are finding it’s harder than they expected to cobble together the money needed to get their businesses off the ground. Lenders are rejecting them because of their inexperience or because the franchises they’re buying are relatively young and not as well-known as established brands such as McDonald’s and Jiffy Lube.
Kimsey was attracted to Doctors Express because health care is one of the fastest growing franchise segments. He had spent nearly 20 years in the wireless telephone industry. He decided to leave that business because the megamergers in wireless meant it was getting harder to find investors for new ventures. When he knew that he wanted to open a franchise, he considered one that’s technology-related, Batteries Plus, which operate stores that sells batteries of all kinds.
But I was looking for a sizzling sector like cell phones were in the ’80s, he says. So he decided on Doctors Express.
He had enough of his own money saved for a $55,000 payment, known as the franchise fee, to the parent company. And he won approval to open the franchise in Sarasota, Fla. He needed $1.2 million to cover between $250,000 and $300,000 in construction costs, $150,000 for equipment and the remainder for working capital.
The banks that rejected his loan application gave similar reasons for saying no, he says.
It’s a fairly new franchise. This isn’t McDonald’s, so we don’t have 70 years of history, Kimsey says. Doctors Express was founded in 2005 and has 54 locations. McDonald’s has more than 14,000 restaurants in the U.S., and about 90 percent are franchises.
And even though the company doesn’t require that franchisees have medical training, the banks were uncomfortable with the idea.
It’s a franchise concept where you don’t have to be a doctor to own it. It’s outside their thinking, he says. The banks liked his business plan, but bank officers told him that because he wasn’t a doctor, that’s going to be a problem.
There was more: We don’t have a lot of assets. It’s not like I have a million-dollar CAT scan that could be used as collateral, he says. He leases the building and equipment like an X-ray machine.
Eventually Kimsey did get a $575,000 Small Business Administration-guaranteed loan from a bank in Utah. He tapped into his savings and about $500,000 from his 401(k) – the entire account – for the rest of the money.
I’ve got to build this up. It will be my retirement, Kimsey says of his franchise. Then I’ll hand it over to my children.
Franchises have suffered along with other small businesses in the last five years. The number of franchises in the U.S. – for example, an individual McDonald’s, Dunkin’ Donuts shop or Days Inn – fell by 37,790, or nearly 5 percent, between 2008 and 2011, according to the International Franchise Association. The trade group estimates that the number of franchises will rise this year for the first time since 2008, gaining 1.7 percent to 748,680. But that’s still more than 3 percent below 2008’s 774,016.
The number of franchises dropped as the recession made many people were wary about starting a business and because thousands of franchises closed, among them auto dealerships and real estate brokerages. High-end restaurant franchises were also hit hard – the restaurants in the Steak & Ale chain were among the franchises that shut down.
Where it’s really having its hardest effect is the aspiring entrepreneur who doesn’t have that track record or that relationship with the banks, says Stephen Caldeira, president of the International Franchise Association.